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A hernia is protrusion of a part of intra-abdominal organ such as intestine or omentum (fat of abdomen) through a musculo-fascial weakness in the wall of the abdomen. This weakness can be congenital or acquired (after surgery/pregnancy/trauma). This results in buldge at various parts of the abdomen which are initially reducible i.e. can go within the abdomen when the muscles are relax and abdominal pressure decreases and increase in size of the buldge is noticed while coughing and straining.

To start with hernia are painless but pain at the site of the hernia suggest developing complications as the neck of the hernia (the part of the musculo-fascial defect) can constrict and strangulate the contents of the hernia which results in cut-off of the blood supply of the contents resulting into serious complications.

In the natural course of the hernia, it never disappears or get treated by itself and with time increases in size with increase risk of complications.

Types of Hernia:

Irrespective of the type of the hernia timely Surgery is the only definitive treatment.

Common clinical features of hernia:

Complications of the Hernia:   

Causes of Hernia:



Dr. Neeraj Dhamija Laparoscopic & Robotic Gastrointestinal Surgeon

Dr. Neeraj Dhamija expertise in Minimally Invasive Surgery (Laparoscopic & Robotic) of the Abdomen with special interest in Pancreatic Surgery. Currently working as, a consultant in the Department of Laparoscopic & General Surgery in the prestigious Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi-India.

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